What is Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a very complex developmental disability that is a spectrum disorder. This means that individuals are affected differently to different degrees. Previously ASD was separated into two different diagnosis including Autism and Aspergers. A study done in 2020 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that the prevalence has increased to 1 in every 54 births in the US. ASD is seen more in boys (4 times more). However, there is some research that suggest girls may show symptoms differently.
Here are some signs to look for in the children in your life:
Lack of or delay in spoken language
Repetitive use of language and/or motor mannerisms (like spinning objects or flapping hands)
Little or no eye contact
Lack of interest in peer relationships
Lack of spontaneous or make-believe play
Persistent fixation on parts of objects
ASD diagnostic criteria consist of deficits in social communication and interaction. This can range from verbal to nonverbal and presents as a spectrum. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities. This may look like inability with withstand change in routine, fixated interests, or repetitive movements. Individuals with ASD often present with symptoms of sleep disorders and anxiety.
The official diagnostic process for ASD can be very extensive and exhausting. Applied Behavioral Analysis is often a form of therapy used to help ASD. Here at People to People we can help provide support before, during and after the diagnostic process. We also focus on the individual’s strength and work from an empowering approach.